877.812.1137

The Winemaker’s Think Tank: Vol 35 – How do I know if fermentation is complete?

What’s the Winemaker’s Think Tank?

Every Thursday we will post about a few frequently asked questions that our winemaker has answered. If you have a winemaking question you would like to have answered, please email us at support@juicegrape.com and we will try to get into next week’s post. Cheers! :)

The process of making wine in a winery in south africa

How do I know if fermentation is complete?

It is often easy to see visual signs of fermentation:  from activity in the airlock, bubbles, and the formation of a cap to the aromas of yeast and carbon dioxide, the wonders of fermentation are succinct observation.  But how does the home winemaker know when the fermentation is complete? The simplest way of seeing if fermentation is complete is to taste the wine and observe if there is any sweetness to it. If there is still sugar that you can taste, the yeast have not yet completed their job. The most accurate and scientific way of seeing if fermentation is complete is to take a measurement of the Brix via a hydrometer. A hydrometer is a glass instrument that reads sugar content via the hydrometers buoyancy in wine juice. The juice sample should always be placed into a sanitary, cylindrical shaped vessel. As the wine ferments, yeast consumer sugar and excrete alcohol, making a thinner, less dense liquid. At the beginning of fermentation, the hydrometer will not sink very far into the wine. The sugars within the juice make it thicker and the hydrometer will float on top of the juice. As fermentation progresses the new wine becomes less dense and sugary, allowing the hydrometer to sink down into the liquid. When the fermentation is complete, the hydrometer will sink down into the liquid to the 0 mark, if not farther. When reading the hydrometer, spin it slightly in the cylinder to dislodge any bubbles that may cling to the sides of the hydrometer. Observe where the meniscus of the wine falls on the gradients of the hydrometer. This will give you your sugar level in degrees Brix of the fermenting wine. When the hydrometer sinks to zero or below, the fermentation is complete and you can rack the wine.

We hope this information helps with your winemaking. If you have any follow up questions or winemaking questions in general, please email us at support@juicegrape.com.

In stock as of 10/18/17 at 8:48AM

suisun petite sirah

JUICES:

  • California – ALL Varieties in Stock
  • Italian – ALL Varieties in Stock
  • Fresco – Call Ahead – arriving daily

GRAPES

  • Cabernet
    • Chalk Hill
    • Central Valley
  • Petite Sirah
    • Lanza/Suisun Valley
    • Lodi
  • Aglianico
    • Contra Costa
  • Malbec
    • Lodi
  • Sangiovese
    • Amador
    • Central Valley
  • Zinfandel
    • Amador
    • Cry Baby
    • Old Vine Zinfandel from Lodi
  • Merlot
    • Paso Robles
    • Central Valley
    • Washington State
    • Lodi
  • Nero D’Avola
    • Contra Costa
  • Montelpulciano
    • Contra Costa
  • Petite Verdot
    • Lodi
  • Muscat
    • Lanza/Suisun Valley
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Cabernet Franc
    • Paso Robles
  • Barbera
    • Central Valley
  • Alicante
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
    • Ancient Vine
  • Thompson Seedless
    • Central Valley
  • Sagrantino
    • Contra Costa

The Italians have arrived!!

Our Italian Wine Grape Clones has finally arrived from Contra Costa. Located below Suisun Bay and East of the Oakland Hills, Contra Costa is the premier growing area for Italian varietal wine grapes. Many of the vines grown in this area are considered ancient. The Mediterranean climate produces wines with bold features and good color. The soil is deep and sandy, making the grapes fight for their water, only increasing the intensity of the fruit. Think big bold reds, with leathery notes, and supple tannins. Quantities are limited, make sure to call ahead so we can secure your order. Ciao!

IMG_6781_AglianicoIMG_6780_NeroFullSizeRender_SagrantinoFullSizeRender (003)_MontelpucianoFullSizeRender (005)_Nebbiolo

In Stock as of 10/14/17 at 6:52AM

In Stock as of 10/14/17 at 6:52AM

Juices in Stock:

·       California (All Varieties)

·       Italian (All Varieties)

·       Fresco Juices – Arriving soon.. CALL AHEAD for PICK UP

Grapes in Stock

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
    •  Central Valley (Clone 337)
    • Lodi
    • Sonoma
    • Amador
  • Cabernet Franc
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
  • Petite Verdot
    •   Lodi
  • Mourvedre
    • Lodi
  • Merlot
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
    • Lodi
    • Central Valley
    • Washington State
  • Petite Sirah
    •  Central Valley
    • Paso Robles
    • Lodi
  • Cabernet Franc
    •   Paso (Limited Amounts)
  • Old Vin Carignane
    • Central Valley
  • Alicante
    •   Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Muscat
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
    • Suisun Valley
    • Italian Clone from Lodi
    • Black Muscat from Lodi
  • Malbec
    • Lodi
  • Sangiovese
    •  Amador
  • Zinfandel
    • Amador
  • Old Vine Zinfandel
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Barbera
    • Lodi
    • Central Valley
    • Suisun Valley
  • Thompson Seedless 
    • Central Valley
  • Grenache
    • Central Valley
  • Aglianico
    • Contra Costa
  • Nebbiolo
    • Contra Costa
  • Nero D’Avola
    • Contra Costa
  • Sagrantino
    • Contra Costa
  • Montelpuciano
    • Contra Costa
  • Abarino
    • King’s River

**If you have not picked up your Lanza-Musto or Suisun Valley Grapes please call us at 877.812.1137**

In Stock as of 10/13/17 at 10:51AM

In Stock as of 10/13/17 at 10:51AM

Juices in Stock:

·       California (All Varieties)

·       Italian (All Varieties)

·       Fresco Juices – Arriving soon.. CALL AHEAD for PICK UP

Grapes in Stock

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
    •   Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Petite Verdot
    •   Lodi
  • Mourvedre
    • Lodi
  • Merlot
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
    • Lodi
    • Central Valley
    • Washington State
  • Petite Sirah
    •   Central Valley
    • Paso Robles
    • Lodi
  • Cabernet Franc
    •   Paso (Limited Amounts)
  • Old Vin Carignane
    • Central Valley
  • Alicante
    •   Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Muscat
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
    • Suisun Valley
    • Italian Clone from Lodi
    • Black Muscat from Lodi
  • Malbec
    • Lodi
  • Syrah
    • Paso Robles
    •  
  • Zinfandel
    • Paso Robles (Limited Amounts)
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Old Vine Zinfandel
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Barbera
    • Lodi
    • Central Valley
    • Suisun Valley
  • Ruby Cabernet
    • Central Valley
    • Lodi
  • Mixed Black
    • Central Valley

 

 

 

The Winemaker’s Think Tank: Vol 34 – “Fining Agents and Why They Help”

What’s the Winemaker’s Think Tank?

Every Thursday we will post about a few frequently asked questions that our winemaker has answered. If you have a winemaking question you would like to have answered, please email us at support@juicegrape.com and we will try to get into next week’s post. Cheers! :)

Pouring red wine into the glass against wooden background

Fining Agents and Why They Help

Fining agents can help your wine in a variety of ways, both improving on appearance and flavor. A fining agent is added to the wine to remove an undesirable compound, typically by having the opposite electron charge.  There are a myriad of fining agents and each has its own specific ability to help remove an undesirable characteristic within wine.  Here are a list of some of the most popular fining agents:

Bentonite: A negatively charged clay that attached to positively charged proteins  and will eliminate protein haze in white wines.

PVPP: A synthetic polymer that helps get rid of reductive compounds,  often caused by oxidation.

Gelatin: Made of animal bones, it has a negative charge that will attach to proteins and surplus tannins, creating rounder mouthfeel and less astringent wine.

Reduless: A form of inactivated yeast fortified with minerals to help removes sulfur defects such as hydrogen disulfide and other phenolic defects.

SuperKleer: Tandem packets of Kieselsol and Chitosan that will work to eliminate haze in wine.

Noblesse: An inactivated yeast derivative nutrient that aids in reducing bitter flavors in wines as well as the burning effect from high alcohol wines.

We hope this information helps with your winemaking. If you have any follow up questions or winemaking questions in general, please email us at support@juicegrape.com.

California Fires Update as of 10/14/17

Updated 10/14/17

The fires are still raging out West. They keep evacuating people to safety and the air quality is the worst in the country. Please donate if you can. Even $5.00 helps….

Update as of 10/13/17-

  • 5,700 homes destroyed
  • 340 square miles burned
  • 9,000 fire fighters fighting 16 remaining blazes
  • 90,000 evacuated

Napa Valley Community Disaster Relief Fund: https://donatenow.networkforgood.org/napafirerelief  

Sonoma County Resilience Fund: http://www.sonomacf.org/sonoma-county-resilience-fund/

Red Cross Northern California: http://www.redcross.org/local/california/northern-california-coastal/chapters/california-northwest

Buy Wine: Lamborn Family Vineyards  will be donating 100% of their profits of their 2013 Zinfandel with 100% of profits being donated to the Napa Valley/Sonoma County relief effort. https://www.lamborn.com/Order-Wine

 

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Updated 10/12/17 – More ways to help –> http://www.winemag.com/2017/10/10/firerelief/

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As many of you have heard devastating fires are ripping through Northern California. Napa, Sonoma, Santa Rosa, and Solano County (Suisun Valley) have all been affected. Currently our growers and friends are evacuating to safety. In this time of sadness and chaos it is difficult being so far away from our friends and west coast family. It limits us to what we can do to help.  Musto Wine Grape will be making donations to the Bay Area Red Cross, the California Fire Foundation and CVNL.  If you are inclined to help we suggest you donate to these relief organizations as the funds will go directly to those affected by these terrible fires.

Bay Area Red Cross: http://www.redcross.org/local/california/northern-california-coastal/chapters/bay-area

California Fire Foundation: http://www.cafirefoundation.org/

CVNL: https://cvnl.org/why-cvnl/donate-sponsors/

The fires are still raging out West. They have evacuated much of Suisun Valley, Green Valley, and Gordon Valley. Please keep our California family in your thoughts and prayers.

Read more about the fires here –> via CNN

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Showcase Your Wines!

Wine Competition_2017 Teaser

Don’t forget about the Musto Wine Grape – Amateur & Commercial 2017 Wine Competition! All wines are tasted and judged in Riedel glassware by the Top Wine Tasting & Winemaking Judges on the East Coast! Lots of feedback, tasting notes, and prizes. Sign up today! Your wine could win Best in Show!

Click HERE to download your Competition Documents.

In stock as of 10/7/17 at 7:06AM

JUICES:

California Juices: California Select, Cry Baby, and Colina del Sol

California Lodi Gold Juices: Zinfandel, Chardonnay, Thompson Seedless, Cabernet, Pinot Grigio, Merlot, Mixed Black

Italian Juices: ALL Varieties in Stock

Fresco Juices: Will start arriving Wednesday 10/11

GRAPES:

Barbera

  • Cal Special
  • Lanza Musto
  • Valley Beauty

Petite Verdot

  • Caterina
  • Lanza

Merlot

  • Caterina
  • Old Vine Merlot – Lugano
  • Washington State
  • Paso Robles
  • Smiling Baby

Pinot Grigio

  • Costamagna

Muscat

  • Italian Muscat – Lodi Gold #36
  • Caterina #36
  • Lanza Musto Muscat Cannelli
  • Silver King #42
  • Cry Baby #42
  • Muscat King #36

Carignane

  • Caterina – Old Vine
  • Cry Baby

Cabernet Sauvignon

  • Caterina
  • Lanza Clone 8, 169 – PRE ORDER ONLY, MUST CALL BEFORE PICK UP
  • Paso Robles
  • Cry Baby Clone 337 Cab

Zinfandel

  • Caterina – Old Vine
  • Lanza-Musto Primitivo
  • Paso Robles
  • Valley Beauty

Petite Sirah

  • Lodi Gold
  • Cry Baby
  • Caterina

Viognier

  • Costamagna

Alicante

  • Caterina #36
  • Ancient Vine Gurreriero #42
  • Lodi Gold #36
  • Lodi Gold #42

Albarino

  • King River Cry Baby

Ruby Cabernet

  • Lodi Gold

Malbec

  • Caterina
  • Cry Baby

Mixed Black

  • Cry Baby

Riesling

  • Lanza-Musto

Cabernet Franc

  • Caterina
  • Paso Robles (sml amount)

Syrah

  • Paso Robles

Thompson Seedless

  • Miss Seedless #42

Symphony

  • Cry Baby

Old Vine Black Muscat

  • Cry Baby

Sangiovese

  • Caterina

In Stock as of 10/6/17 at 7:44AM

In Stock as of 10/6/17 at 7:44AM

Wine Juices:

  • All California Varieties
  • Labels: California Select, Colina del Sol, Cry Baby, and Lodi Gold
  • Italian Juices – STILL WAITING ON THE TRUCK, Please Call Ahead – 877.812.1137

Wine Grapes:

Central Valley:

  • Malbec
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Muscat (42lb & 36lb)
  • Zinfandel
  • Albarino
  • Petite Verdot
  • Old Vine Barbera
  • Sangiovese
  • Alicante 42lb
  • Mixed Black

Lodi:

  • Petite Sirah
  • Malbec
  • Pinot Grigio
  • Merlot
  • Old Vine Carignane
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Viognier
  • Zinfandel
  • Old Vine Zinfandel
  • Ruby Cabernet
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Petite Verdot

Suisun Valley:

  • Barbera
  • Primitivo
  • Muscat Cannelli
  • Pre-Order Only Pick Up for Cabernet Clones – PLEASE CALL AHEAD – 877.812.1137

Washington State:

  • Merlot

Paso Robles:

  • Syrah
  • Zinfandel
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Pinot Noir